After long debates and delays the works of the Palace of the Internal Affairs started in 1938 following the drawings of the architect Paul Smarandescu. In 1944 the works had been interrupted and they continued after the war. The palace was finished only in 1950 and served as the headquarter of the Internal Affairs Ministry till 1958 when the building became the headquarter of the central committee of the communist party, back then known as the Romanian Proletarian Party.
The building kept this status until 1989 when it became the center of the anticommunist movements. It is here where Ceausescu, the Romanian communist president, held his last speech in front of thousands of people brought in the square by force. The people who were brought to support Ceausescu started to boo him towards his astonishment, many saying that those who revealed violently their disagreement were in fact secret agents of Securitate, the Romanian communist secret service or of the famous KGB. Ceausescu, together with his wife was forced to leave the building with a helicopter but he was caught, judged in one day (!) and killed together with his wife by a fire squad on December 25th, 1989, right on Christmas day. It is said that the anticommunist revolution was in fact a coup-d’état and Ceausescu was killed because he would have revealed the truth about the so called leaders of the revolution, ironically important members of the communist party or of the Romanian secret service.
Address: 1A Revolutiei Square